You turn the tap on to cook a pot of spaghetti or run a hot shower, often without thinking about the amount of water you’ve just used. But if you tracked how much water you used every time you ran the tap, would you change your habits?
The AER is betting that energy companies will. That’s why we released the Alberta Energy Industry Water Use Report, which shows how much water is allocated and used to produce oil and gas from technologies such as hydraulic fracturing, enhanced oil recovery, oil sands mining, and in situ operations.
“Ultimately, we believe that public reporting on water use will also encourage companies to recycle more water and reduce the energy industry’s footprint on the environment,” said Shannon Chmelyk, manager of industry performance at the AER, who welcomed the challenge of leading the team that produces the water use report.
Use it wisely
Despite being one of Alberta’s biggest industries, oil and gas development accounts for a small part of the province’s water use. In 2016, the energy industry was allotted 10 per cent of all water made available for use from Alberta’s lakes, rivers, runoff collection ponds, and groundwater sources, but it used about a fifth of this allocation.
The remaining 90 per cent of water set aside for use was allocated to agriculture, forestry, commercial enterprises (e.g., golf courses, gravel pit operations), and municipalities.
Chmelyk noted that energy companies often use less water than the amount they request in their applications. For example, after the initial planning stages of a project, companies explore the project site to better understand where the oil, gas, or bitumen is and how much water they need to get these resources out of the ground.
Future water-use reports will include recycling rates for oil sands mining along with company-specific information for each of the technologies in the report. And the AER will continue to hold companies accountable when they apply to use water.
“We’re going to use this report to review water applications with greater scrutiny and measure companies against their peers,” said Chmelyk. “We’ll challenge companies by asking them, 'Do you really need this much water, when company X developed a similar project in the area and used much less?'”